Protected areas are a key component of Canada’s forest conservation efforts. They work alongside other measures such as integrated land-use planning, environmentally sound forest management practices, species and habitat recovery, and tax incentives, to help protect Canada’s biological diversity.
While the cumulative and long-term effects of activities such as settlement and recreational and industrial activities on Canada's forests remain uncertain, research, policies, and conservation efforts are moving Canadian stakeholders in the right direction. Protected areas are an important part of these efforts.
As of 2016, Canada had 47 national parks, all of which are protected under legislation. The largest of these parks is Wood Buffalo, located in the heart of the boreal forest, straddling the border between Alberta and the Northwest Territories.